Skip to main content

Why the Indian markets are falling

June 9, 2008

It all started with the US subprime problem and the global credit crunch, which led the BSE Sensex nosediving from its peak of 21,206 on January 10, 2008 to 14,677 on March 18. A part of the fall can also be attributed to the concerns pertaining to the increase in crude oil prices and its impact on India's economic growth.

Some of the early signs were also visible from rising inflation and the slowdown in domestic industrial production numbers. This further led to concerns over high interest rates, slowdown in GDP and thus, corporate earnings as well.

Sensing these developments, foreign institutional investors were the first ones to move out of the market, and they partly became the reason for the markets to fall.

End of the bloodbath?

If the global and domestic problems persist, experts predict the Sensex to fall to 12,000-14,500 levels. Though bold and unbelievable, there are few players who are predicting that the Sensex may touch the 9,000 levels.

While we are not predicting the Sensex levels, we jot down and bring certain factors that may determine the future course of the markets and what investors should do during these uncertain times.

Crude realities

No investor will be willing to invest in an asset headed for reporting lower profits and no asset can be profitable if costs are higher than realisations.

Crude oil is one such commodity, whether it is the economy (macro) or corporate profitability (micro), which is considered to be the source of most of the problems.

While crude oil prices had corrected to $125 levels, after crossing $135 a barrel mark, it again scaled a new peak of $139.12 a barrel last week. There are reports predicting that it will go to $150 to $200 a barrel.

There are several reasons attributed to the recent spike in the crude oil prices including increased financial investments and a marginal rise in costs of oil production.

Whether the crude oil price rises to such high levels or not, experts suggest that the good old days of cheap oil may be gone for a long time to come.

Bloating deficit

According to studies, a $10 increase in the crude oil prices may reduce India's GDP growth by about 0.3 percentage points and an increase in the consumer price index by 1.2 percentage points.

India imports about 70 per cent of its oil requirements, suggesting that at current levels, it will have to pay a significantly higher amount to meet demand. It has already led to a large trade deficit (over 7 per cent of the GDP).

  • How they compare

Fiscal deficit, which is currently at about 3 per cent of the GDP, could reach to 10 per cent levels if the fertiliser, food, farm and oil subsidies are added.

Hence, further rise in crude oil prices will only make things worse. Not only this, rising oil will have serious consequences on others things as well.

"If crude oil touches $150 levels and sustains there, it will be a crude awakening for the global as well as for India. India's annual import bill will touch to $140 billion against the $78 billion estimated for the FY08," says Devendra Nevgi, CEO and CIO, Quantum Mutual Fund.

High inflation

High crude oil prices would have a sweeping impact on the Indian economy.

To put forth some of them: Higher inflation rate, rupee depreciation, increasing trade account and fiscal deficit, and firm interest rates. The other side of an oil shock would probably the ensuing political instability and social unrest.

  • Sector fortunes

The inflation rate, which is already high at over 8 per cent, could emerge as a key concern. Economists share different views with regards to inflation reaching the double digit figure in the short term, and if not, it could range at about 7-8 per cent, especially after the recent hike in the petrol and diesel prices

Source : Business Standard

Popular posts from this blog

up to 8,500% return in 5 years! Investors made a killing in these 30 smallcap stocks

U By Rahul Oberoi, ETMarkets.com | Updated: Dec 01, 2017, 04.06 PM IST Post a Comment
Efficiency pays in the long run. Among the top smallcap plays on Dalal Street, 30 companies with stable return on equity (RoE) and return on capital employed (RoCE) have surged up to 8,500 per cent over the past five years.

All these companies had a debt-to-equity ratio of less than 1 and have been maintaining RoE and RoCE of over 20 per cent since 2012-13.

Avanti Feeds emerged the chart topper, with an 8,527 per cent gain to Rs 2,596.60 as of November 28 from Rs 30.10 ..


ovember 28 from Rs 30.10 on November 27, 2012. The company’s return on equity for FY17, FY16, FY15, FY14 and FY13 stood at 42.65 per cent, 46.21 per cent, 52.41 per cent, 45.79 per cent and 27.60 per cent, respectively. Avanti also managed to achieve a return on capital employed of over 50 per cent in last four years. Its RoCE stood at 28.59 per cent inRoE measures net income earned for every rupee of shareholder funds, while…

Bio-fuel has top investors powered up

23RD ,JUNE India's fortune-hunters believe their new-found love for biofuel will pay off. India's well-known investors who are known for their Midas touch have spotted an opportunity in bio-fuel, betting big on ethanol, bio-mass and even bio-fuel equipment makers in India and other parts of the globe. Billionaires Rakesh Jhunjhunwala, C Sivasankaran, Vinod Khosla, founder of Sun Microsystems, and Nemish Shah, the media-shy joint partner of Enam Financial Services, are investing in bio-fuel makers quietly, expecting that bio-fuel will have a big play in the coming years as the world looks for a viable alternative to the fast depleting oil reserves. Jhunjhunwala, who is known for his ability to spot a multi-bagger at a very early stage, recently invested in Hyderabad-based bio-fuel firm Nandan Biometrics.He is also a 10 per cent stakeholder in Praj Industries, which is a bio-fuel technology provider…

5 dark-horse picks

Kwadrat/shutterstock.com Kwadrat/shutterstock.com
If you are a conservative investor, using the mutual fund route is the best way to invest in stocks. But if you are game for some excitement, you might want to dabble directly in stocks, especially small-cap stocks. Stocks that are smaller in size, in terms of market capitalisation, carry higher risk. The reasons are — one, lower traded volume increases price volatility, two, information is usually scarce on these companies, three, business risk is higher since many of these companies are dependent on a single product and four, governance risk is also higher in these stocks. That said, small-cap stocks have the capacity to deliver far greater returns when compared to large-cap stocks. Sample this: there were 16 stocks with market cap more than ₹50,000 crore in January 2009. These stocks delivered an average return of 138 per cent in the last eight years but 4 out of every 10 stocks in this group delivered negative returns. On the ot…