The move has evoked a mixed response. “Why single out the smaller players... abnormal price movements have been witnessed in larger issues as well in the past,” said Prime Database MD Prithvi Haldea. “What needs to be addressed first, is the price discovery mechanism in IPOs. Second it is imperative that the free float is increased,” he adds. “If 75-85% of the market cap is effectively in large companies, why penalise small companies. What of the significant rise in DLF post its listing?” said an investment banker. SEBI has invited public comments on the imposition of circuit filters on the first day of listing of shares. At present, stock exchanges do not impose price bands on the day of listing of IPOs. The price fixed by the company , in consultation with its lead managers, is left open to price discovery. And, after the day of listing, there is a regular price band of 20%. This, however, would not apply to stocks which get relisted. For IPO issue sizes that are greater than Rs 500 crore, price bands are not imposed even after the day of listing, if such scrips are available for trading on the derivative segment. It may be recalled that the SEBI chairman had suggested a price band in April 2007 on the grounds that it would check any irregular movements in stocks. In the same month SEBI had banned seven brokerages from debut trading in newly-listed shares for their alleged role in huge price movements recorded in stocks like Cambridge Technology, Mindtree and Pyramid Saimira Theatre on their first day of trading. Some of these stocks witnessed unprecedented jump in their share prices immediately after the listing. In a note on Thursday, SEBI said it has been noticed that there are significant price and volume spikes/volatility on the day of listing of IPOs. This was particularly true of IPOs which were below Rs 250 crore.
For several such IPOs where the stock is available for trading in the hands of public, after excluding shares of promoters and others that face a lock in period, is 25-30% of the equity capital of the company, the price may not sustain on subsequent days. This may disappoint long-term investors, said SEBI.